Police Brutality Essays

Police Brutality

Did you know that Police brutality is the Intentional use of excessive force, usually physical, but potentially also in the form of verbal attacks and psychological Intimidation, by a police officer? Despite major Improvements In police practices (since 1981) reports of alleged police misconduct and abuse continue to spread through the nation. Police Brutality still goes on around the world today with improvements of enforcing police brutality in police departments. There have been several shocking incidents in the united States and the rest of the world which left he public in shook.

The public has many different views of the police, but the police are out to serve the public in a professional way twenty four hours a day. When the disgusting brutality acts occur to United States Citizens and other people around the world the public has a very negative view against the police. Many of the cases that have occurred in the united States with police brutality have left many people injured and dead. Police officers have also served time in prison for such harsh acts towards the public. The people in the United States refer to police brutality to one of he most famous cases In policing history which Is the Rodney King case. The mere mention of the name “Rodney King” conjures the shocking Images captured by an amateur video of an African American man surrounded and beaten by Los Angels police officers (Police Brutality Is Widespread). ” On March 2, 1991 Rodney King and two passengers were driving west on Foothill Freeway in the San Fernando Valley area of Los Angels. Rodney car was spotted speeding on the highway and was pursued by police authorities. A police chase reached speeds up to 100 MPH. Rodney King refused to pull over during the pursuit, which led the police officers to call in for back up.

After eight miles of dodging traffic in all lanes on the highway the Los Angels Police Department put a stop the high speed chase by cornering King’s vehicle. The highway patrol men arrived at scene and had the passengers Ill face down on the ground while Rodney King remained In the car. King then lied on the ground while police officers surrounded him. Mr… King was struck by a taste gun then was brutally beaten by authorities. Police officers hit him tit batons in a “power stroke” way. Authorities showed no emotion towards King’s arrest, they kicked him and hit struck him with night sticks approximately 56 times.

After this horrible incident many police departments show the video of Rodney King being physically and vocally abused. They show this horrible scene to the officers who are in the police academy to have an understanding of what police brutality is. On the other hand “The Los Angels Police Department, already battered with numerous allegations of misconduct, found itself involved in another scandal-”this mime involving its Rampart Division. Officers were charged with planting evidence on suspects and “covering It up. The scandal reinforced the publics perception that corruption still plagues the police department (Police Brutality Is Widespread). ” New York City Police department experienced police brutality cases also. “The New York City Police Department faced allegations In June 2000 that Its officers did not respond to the cries for help from women in Central Park who were being cases range from vocal to physical abuse people take from the police. People look at he police as they were role models and people that are one hundred percent perfect at all times.

The police have a certain amount of force they can use against a victim. They are properly trained to avoid shootings and any type of situation a victim might be hurt. “In order to protect citizens, police officers are entrusted with the enormous responsibility of having the authority to use force, including deadly force, under certain circumstances. Decisions on use of force are affected by several factors, including the degree of threatening behavior displayed by the suspect, state laws, Alice department policy, and training.

What we do know, from experts and police officers alike, is that the media portrayal of police brutality is often significantly different from reality (The Extent of Police Brutality Is Exaggerated). ” When you are working in the police world, things happen very quickly. The police academies around the nation teach their officers how to properly handle things when officers need to your force. There have been many times officers disobey the department’s rules and handle things incorrectly.

When things don’t go properly that’s when you eave a big chance of police brutality occurring. “In Houston in July 1998, Pedro Oregon was shot during a drug raid on his home. He was an unarmed Mexican national. The police officers were fired following protests from the Hispanic community (Police Brutality Is A Serious Problem). ” Shootings occur frequently because the police suspect they have a weapon and feel they are in harm. As a police officer you want to protect your life along with the others you’re working with. Many of the people allegedly kicked or beaten by police were not criminal suspects but people who had simply questioned police authority or ad minor disagreements with officers,” Amnesty International said in a 1996 report “Police Brutality and Excessive Force in the New York City Police Department. ” “Nearly all the victims in the cases of deaths in custody and police shootings reviewed by Amnesty International were from racial minorities particularly African Americans, Latino, and Asians (Police Brutality Is A Serious Problem). ” Not only are these acts occurring in the United States but also in other parts of the world.

Other countries police departments use harsher ways of brutality such as torture f death. “The case highlights the frequent use of torture and deadly force at local police stations in India, a practice decried by human rights activists and the Indian Supreme Court. A little more than a decade after Parliament established the National Human Rights Commission to deal with such abuses, police torture continues unabated, according to human rights groups and the Indian Supreme Court. According to the latest available government data, there were 1,307 reported deaths in police and Judicial custody in India in 2002 (Police in India Frequently Use

Torture). ” Other countries have different laws and government rules. People that travel to other countries from out of the United States are rarely arrested by police in other countries because they act in a respectful way. Police departments have harsh punishments for the people that disobey the law and who are trying to commit crimes. In Brazil, “Torture remains a serious problem in Brazil. The federal government’s National Campaign against Torture reported receiving 1 ,336 complaints of torture between October 2001 and July 2003 (Torture Is Still Common in Brazil). Re many ways to limit it but it will never end. There are many states, counties, and other parts of the world believe the problem can be limited but not stopped one hundred percent. Departments have special ways to stop the horrible brutality acts. In community based policing, a community’s residents and its institutions work with police to reduce crime and police brutality. There are also other techniques and ways to prevent the brutality from police. We all hope one day there won’t be any more deaths or people injured by police because of unreasonable use of force.


Police Brutality

In modern day America police brutality occurs quite often. Police officers are using unreasonable forces on criminals, which are causing lots of chaos. People are getting seriously Injured and killed. These horrific actions have to be extinguished. Reasonable can be defined in many ways. According to Malarial-Webster definition reasonable means being in accordance with reason, not extreme or excessive, moderate, fair, and having the faculty of reason (Merriam-Webster, 2012. O. .). Someone who is reasonable has good Judgment.

There are various ways that law enforcement can be viewed as reasonable. An officer who is reasonable will be much more efficient and useful when working on the job. For example, an officer who is reasonable would make good decisions and would remain impartial when making an arrest. Determining whether or not police force was excessive or brutal is plain and simple. The Injuries of a criminal would show what type of force was used upon the criminal. If a criminal has excessive bruises, breaks, tears, etc. The police officers obviously were too brutal on the criminal.

If a criminal decides to fight back the officer should take control of the criminal with force and once the criminal Is contained that should be the end of it. Even though the criminal broke the law by assaulting a police officer, the officer should not retaliate back with violence, it is immature and it shows vulnerability when an officer does that. If in fact a criminal decides to shoot then should the officer be able to take lethal action and shoot back. I do believe that if an officer feels that they’re in eminent danger then they should be able to shoot/take in order to defend themselves.

Rodney King’s case was determined to be excessive due to the wounds and injuries he had. Video surveillance was also an influential factor in determining whether or not It was excessive. Video surveillance can’t always be a reliable source now a days due to the types of technology we posses I. E. ; Photos. Outside Influences Like opinion, religious views, and historical background will affect an officer’s actions. A police officer might be racist and believe that the white ace is superior to the black race: this opinion will have substantial influences on the job.

When this officer is encountering an African American the officer will most likely show no mercy and cause serious harm to the criminal, which is not fair. Some officers practice racial profiling and are pulling over innocent minorities for no reason, other then the fact that they are a minority. This is discrimination, which is illegal. Someone who is a Roman Catholic may against homosexuality, based on their religious belief. Therefore an officer who is encountered with a criminal who Is gay might show no mercy.

Another example Is an officer might have a dark history; perhaps he/she’s friend/family member was killed In 9/1 1 . An officer might have hatred towards the Middle Eastern nationality. This could affect the way an officer Is on the Job; an officer might use lethal force on a Middle Eastern criminal for no reason other than personal revenge. Things like this do happen: it is unlawful and Police training can be improved in many ways. Police should be taught alternative says to take down a criminal with out using excessive force.

Martial arts could help an officer protect them selves without using excessive force. Police officers should be taught how to keep their personal opinions/views out of their work. Police Officers should be offered counseling to help control their life problems because these problems could possibly be brought out onto the working field. More police offers should be required to carry around takers. Takers are an alternative to physical force; these takers could save criminals from long-term injuries. When hiring a police officer there should be a background check and an IQ quiz.

A background check will show if there is anything shady in the applicants past. An IQ test will show how smart an applicant is, being more knowledgeable helps an officer in that they will be more reasonable and will most likely not use excessive force. Police brutality occurs all through out America. It is unlawful and unfair for someone to be tortured like that. Cases of police brutality have caused lots of chaos. Innocent people are getting killed/hurt for no reason. These horrific cases have to be put to an end.


Police Brutality

Police brutality, where does it happen, why does it happen and how does it happen? Well these are some of the questions you can ask yourself. Most of the time police officers are trying to enforce the laws of the land. But we typically have those who do not want to follow the rules and therefore police are forced with using excessive force in some of their situations. But the use of force can be questioned in many ways. The 4th Amendment forbids “unreasonable search and seizures”, with a “seizure” being the use of unreasonable force.

Then with the offender often being rested and Incarcerated they have the 8th amendment that protects them from cruel and unusual punishment. But should someone be accustomed to being assaulted by a police officer Just because? No. But this does not stop people from doing what they feel is necessary and breaking the laws. What type of person commits police brutality and why does it happen? Well, police brutality is done by a few rogue cops or bad apples. Or it can be police officers whom like to inflict pain to those because of their feelings on the issue.

This happens because there is no order in some of the departments. At least that Is what I believe. Police work is likely to attract at least some Individuals who enjoy bullying others or Join the force with the intention of exploiting special opportunities to enrich them”. Officers are also very likely to internalize powerful sub cultural norms, a main one being loyalty to other officers. There is also a lack of procedure for handling excessive force complaints against officers. The need to use force is one of the most demanding and critical decisions that a law enforcement officer must make.

They may include other “non- deadly protective instruments, Like expendable batons, CO sprays, and flashlights, or NY other means that can be used by an officer. With the media and Issues In public that constantly scrutinizes police officers, television shows always often portray excessive uses of force and in most cases they do not show the incidents that lead up to that matter. Widespread media attention to these events unfortunately conveys the impression that rates the use of force, or excessive use of force, at a rate that is much higher than what actually occurs. While police force is rare, various definitions and measures of force prevent researchers from definitively Identifying the urgency of events that may be defined as Justified or excessive. ” Cutthroat Police enforce social order through the legitimated use of force or in other words levels of force. The levels of force police use include basic verbal and physical restraint, less- lethal force and lethal force. Officers should use only the amount of force necessary to control an incident, affect an arrest, or protect themselves or others from harm or death.

Police officers have to receive guidance from their individual agencies, but they have no universal set of rules that governs to tell when officers should use force ND how much they can and are limited to. The level of force an officer uses will vary based on the situation. But because cause of this variation, guidelines for the use of force are based on many factors, including: The police department’s experience. Federal and state mandates. Available law enforcement technologies. The complex relationships that may exist between the police and citizens in a given use of force.

These policies describe a series of actions that an officer can take to resolve a situation. Within this policy there are many levels, and officers have been instructed to respond with the level of force appropriate to any of the situations at hand. 1 . Officer Presence -” No force is used. Considered the best way to resolve a situation. 2. Fertilization -” Force is not-physical. 3. Empty-Hand Control -” Officers use bodily force to gain control of a situation. 4. Less-Lethal Methods -” Officers use less-lethal technologies to gain control of a situation. 5.

Lethal Force -” Officers use lethal weapons to gain control of a situation. Should only be used if a suspect poses a serious threat to the officer or another individual. Montgomery County uses four of these levels. Communication and/or presence, Physical force, Protective instruments as weapons, and of course deadly force. They also follow a list of Authorized uses of deadly force which they define as: 1 . Defense of self or another- Officers may use deadly force to defend themselves, or another person from what they have reasonable cause to perceive as immediate threat of death or serious physical injury. . Fleeing felon- Use of deadly force to apprehend a fleeing felon when: a. Probable cause to believe the crime committed was a felony of a violent type, the person fleeing committed the crime, or person Lenin escaped while being held in legal custody and a suspect in a felony of a violent type; b. And failure to immediately apprehend the person may place an officer, or other officer/ law enforcers and the public in immediate danger, death or serious injury. In the MCCOY, a handbook memorandum, they have a “use of force report,” that shows officers must write this report: 1 .

Anytime force is used to counteract a physical struggle. 2. Following use of any force which results in an injury to an individual. 3. When the individual claims an injury as a result of the amount of force used. 4. Whenever Orca is applied by the use of a protective instrument. 5. Whenever a firearm is discharged other than at an authorized target practice. 6. Whenever a department canine inflicts injury to any subject. This form must be filled out at the end off tour of duty regardless if the officer is injured and/or hospitalized.

This form is only used administratively to evaluate the use of force in the department, department wide. When dealing with dangerous-” or unpredictable-” situations, police officers usually have very little time to assess it and determine the proper response. In my opinion, sometimes is the wrong choice. The U. S. Commission on Civil Rights has stated that “… In diffusing situations, apprehending alleged criminals, and protecting themselves and others, officers are legally entitled to use appropriate means, including force. To some people, though, the mere presence of a police officer can be intimidating and seen as use of force. And I agree. Only because I have experienced first-hand how some officers in the community don’t care. They Just want to show that they have the authority to do whatever they want when they want and how they want. One day I came home and of course there is to be no loitering in the area. An unmarked police car pulled up and before the young man could even get his son off the ground from falling Off bike, he was pointed out and thrown to the ground.

Why? He was in front of the building, and he matched the clothing description of someone who was assaulted hours earlier in the day. This also happened to someone who Just stopped happens. The use of force in making an arrest, now that can be Justified on some instances though. Although the criminal laws states that “Force may not be used legally in making an arrest unless the arrest is a lawful, custodial arrest can be made in good faith. Meaning, that probable cause must exist to authorize the arrest otherwise it would be unjust.

The only time force can be Justifiable is in situations when a suspect resists arrest or attempts to escape. An officer can use force as reasonably believed necessary to 1 : detain the offender, make the arrest, and conduct lawful searches, 2: Overcome any resistance by the offender, 3: prevent an escape and retake the person if an escape occurs, 4: protect the officer others and the prisoner, if necessary. Determining whether the force used to affect a particular seizure is “reasonable” is another thing.

But under the 4th amendment which squires a careful balancing of “the nature and quality of the intrusion on the individual’s 4th amendment interests. ” sometimes is hard to prove. An unreasonable seizure would insure “deadly force” simply by stating that deadly force may never be used to make the arrest of or to prevent the escape of a person, whom has committed a misdemeanors, and cannot be used on mere suspicion and never be used by officers to arrest or prevent the escape of person who has committed a nonviolent felony. Take the Tennessee v. Garner, 471 U.

S. 1 (1985). This was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held that under the Fourth Amendment, when a law enforcement officer is pursuing a fleeing suspect, he or she may use deadly force only to prevent escape, if the officer has probable cause to believe that the suspect poses a significant threat of death or serious physical injury to the officer or others. In this case a young man was fleeing (garner) an area assumed by the arriving police officers that he was the person of interest or the person who broke in to the house.

He was unarmed and made no threat to the police officer only so that he was about to get away. So the police officer shot and killed him as he turned to Jump a gate that he came to. His father then brought the case up too Supreme Court staying that the shooting was not called for. So In this case a majority opinion came into play. Where Justice White wrote more on the majority side to say this, “The use of deadly force against a subject is the most intrusive type of seizure possible, because it deprives the suspect of his life.

White also held that the state failed to present evidence that its interest in shooting the unarmed fleeing suspects outweighs the suspect’s interest in his own survival. ” He also felt that with the Sixth Circuit’s determination that apprehension by use of deadly force is a seizure, then ramming the legal issue as whether the totality of the circumstances Justified the seizure. In order to determine the constitutionality of a seizure, and that the court must weigh the nature of the intrusion of the suspect’s Fourth Amendment rights against the governments interests which must Justify the intrusion.

On case in particular that a lot of people know of is the Rodney King case. Where, in this case King was beaten as a result of resisting arrest, when he wasn’t. King was Just trying to get himself together after being pulled over for speeding. He was also drinking and driving and did not want to violate his parole. This case made headlines because a neighbor was looking out of the window and saw all the commotion and recorded the incident. My personal view on this issue is how some police officers take the harassed by officers for no apparent reason, or because of the type of car they drive.

It has happened to me as well. If the agencies try and change how they recruit, and train the new officers, there probably won’t be as many issues as there are today in reference to the excessive force. Although, they mean no harm with the community policing, it does not always work in the community, especially in the areas of very gig crime rates. In, “Police Brutality- Opposing viewpoint: it states that community policing turns participating civilians and institutions into paramilitary forces that are used to oppress the very people who most need protection. This Just confirms how those who participate in community policing can often be turned on by the police and the fellow community for their efforts in keeping the community safe. This in turn makes the neighbors reluctant in calling the police when something suspicious is happening in the area. Only in turn to be looked at as a suspect of the crime themselves amongst their fellow peers. Thus stating that community policing will give the police more ability to use crime against the people, enabling them to direct it against people who oppose them and spare the ones who cooperate.

One case that has caught my eye was a case of Michael Bell v. City of Kenosha. In this case, Mr… Bell was unlawfully stopped, handcuffed, beat and then shot and killed in his driveway. The dash cam shows him Just driving down his street, and then the officer getting into his cruiser to pursue him. A moment later, it shows the officer exiting his vehicle and telling Mr… Bell to” get back in the vehicle”. And then the video stops there. But the police do not. They say he was “actively resisting”, but he was Just “passively resisting”.

Basically, refusing to comply with a directive from a law enforcement officer but does not attempt to engage in physical action likely to cause bodily harm to the officer or to another person. After he was handcuffed one of the officers used a Taste on him. This act was unlawful because in a memo that was Just enforced on August 10, 2004, Just prior to this arrest, officers were not authorized to use a Taste anytime a suspect did any of the following: When, during the arrest process the object simply pulls away from or is not cooperating with an officer.

When a subject is passively resisting an officer-running away without an articulated threat of harm. When a subject is resisting but does not have the ability to harm the officer or another person. But even with this case and having it reviewed by other officers. They felt that everything the officers did was done so in a Just matter. And that what they used as force, was in fact necessary. If you were to read it and look at the video then you may think of it as being unjust. I know I did. But as much as this world has transpired to be, you can never underestimate what he next person will or can do to harm you.

I feel that some of the force that police use is used because they would have to subdue a suspect accordingly but the unnecessary force is another subject on its own. With how the courts are now changing how force can and cannot be used and which force is necessary you cannot pinpoint at which it is too much. Just like if a parent wanted to discipline their kids they would have to think twice as in doing so Just for the simple fact that using a belt or leaving a mark is unjust and a form of child abuse. The definition of child abuse has changed. Right along with the definition of police force.

Some say that this is also because there is a lack of female officers. “Across many cultures women police than male officers to diffuse potentially violent situations. ” Stating that in a national and international poll, research shows conclusively that increasing numbers of women on police departments measurably reduces police violence and improves the effectiveness and service to communities. Women also respond more effectively than their male counterparts to violence against women. So with that being said, don’t you think that they should try and get more female officers to work on the force?? I would think so.


Police Brutality

The current study will use this definition to examine two disgorges of citizen complaints about police brutality: excessive physical force and abuse of police powers. While estimates vary, the incidences of police brutality are infrequent (Dugan and Bread 1991; Fee 1995; Serviettes 1985; Clocks 1996; Littleton 1981; Pate and Hamilton 1991; Wagner 1980; Wagner and Decker 1993; Worded 1995). Even so, police use of excessive force is a serious problem, both for citizens who might be subjected to such force and for officers who employ it.

Many riots of this century were caused by the public perceptions concerning the police misuse of force, from the Chicago disturbance of 919 to the Los Angels riots followed the trial of police officers in the Rodney King incidence. Police use of excessive force reduces public confidence in the police, depresses officer morale, and generates conflict between police and residents (Languorous and Travis 1994). The police agency’s image can be tainted significantly by the conduct of its officers (Son et al. 1997).

Johnson (1981) argues that perceptions of police brutality have been at the heart of citizen distrust of and complaints about the police. Investigations done by the Christopher Commission (1991) reveal that ritually is one manifestation of the often troubled relationship between the police and the communities they are supposed to serve and protect. Furthermore, scandals associated with abuse of authority “Jeopardize organizational stability and continuity of leadership” (Keeling, Wassermann, and Williams 1988), since the organization is at risk of outside interference, and the police chief is at risk of losing his or her Job.

Still another important point is that whenever police violate either the spirit or the letter of the law, the line between totalitarian and democratic governance becomes blurred. Although the issue of controlling police use of excessive force is very important and theories about minimizing police misconduct are widely available, empirical research in this area is limited, particularly at the organizational level. At the individual level, have studied the extent and nature of citizen complaints (Dugan and Bread 199 1 ; Serviettes 1985; Littleton 1981; Pate and Hamilton 199 1; Wagner 1980; Wagner and Decker 1993).

More recently, Griswold (1994) did a multivariate analysis of the three factors on the disposition of complaints. Serviettes et al. (1 996) studied the impact of ace on the investigation of excessive force allegations against police. Dunham and Albert (1 995) did a case study on controlling police use of excessive force in Miami. All these studies are informative and help to understand police brutality. However, few of studies report correlation of citizen complaints at the organizational level.

While Griswold (1994) and West (1 988) notice the paucity of empirical research regarding the factors that are related to the disposition of complaints and call for additional research, at the organizational level less research has been undertaken either about the nature of the problem or about the efficacy of proposed solutions. The current study contributes to filling this gap primarily through reanalysis of data collected by Pate and Frilled(1993).

Although designed to be a comprehensive national survey of law enforcement agencies on the matter of police use of excessive force, Pate and Fireside’s final report (1 993) does not fully use the information they have collected. The report covers three major topics: the extent of police use of physical force as recorded by police departments, the extent of citizen complaints about Alice use of physical force as recorded by police departments, and the legal consequences of using excessive force. It presents a series of 2 by 2 contingent tables of statistics and bar graphics.

These tables and figures contain the raw numbers and sometimes percentages of these interests. The independent variables are largely two: agency types and agency size. It is doubtful, Howe. Seer, all these bi-relationships will endure the scrutiny of multiple regression analysis. For example, city police have the highest citizen complaint rate, and a lower percentage of officers with college degrees and a Geiger percentage of black officers (Up. 99-105). Whether the effect of police education on the citizen complaint rate will be significant once the percentage of minority officers is controlled for remains to be tested.

Other information gained in their survey, including civilian boards, effect of training programs, etc. , is not utilized in their report. In addition, this study develops a parsimonious multivariate statistical model to test various theses on controlling police use of physical force and abuse of police power. Multivariate analysis is superior to the abbreviate analysis because it revised various means to control for spuriousness, interpretation, and multiple causes. Not all statistical relationships are true. By introducing an additional factor, the original statistical relationship may disappear, eliminating the spurious relationship.

Furthermore, in a complex world, the causes of a particular social phenomenon is seldom unitary. The multivariate model helps account for the part of multivariate model helps eliminate, or at least reduce, the effect of confounding factors on a abbreviate relationship. After an extensive review of the literature on causes of police behavior, Sherman (1 980) concludes that very few of the abbreviate relationships between police misconduct and its various correlations have been elaborated into multivariate relationships with any of the other independent 4 variables.

This study examines police department characteristics and the impact of various programs on the rate of citizen complaints, and thus fills the gap by extending abbreviate analysis to the multiple variant analysis at the organizational level. THEORY AND HYPOTHESES The study of police brutality is important since it illustrates fundamental conflicts hat arise from policing in a democratic society. Given the importance of the issue in improving police and community relations, many theories have been proposed for curbing the damaging behavior of police.

Wilson (1 968), advocating police professionalism, identifies two models for controlling police misconduct: the professional model and the bureaucratic model. The professional model works by ensuring that only the best-trained, most honest candidates are employed as police officers. The bureaucratic model depends on the issuance and enforcement of rules and regulations through close supervision of police officer activities. Landsman (1 980) criticizes professionalism as a control on police misconduct.

He suggests that professionalism, by focusing on the individual officer, ignore the social and organizational correlates of misconduct. Furthermore, professionalism is an obstacle to citizen control, since by definition a professional is one who has special knowledge and skills that the average person lacks. Instead, Landsman (1 980) maintains that most police misconduct is a product of organizational deviance, so that what needs to be controlled is not individual behavior, but organizational climates. According to this Hess, police departments may have different rates of citizen complaints.

The difference varies with the particular departmental characteristics, 5. Enforcement. Goldstein (1977) argues for positive approaches to control police behavior: reward proper behavior and provide appropriate role models. He also stresses the importance of specific training aimed at preventing improper conduct and for avenues of citizen redress in order to reduce police brutality. All these theories point out various ways that law enforcement officers’ use of unnecessary force can be reduced by various departmental policies and practices.

No empirical studies so far, however, have tested the validity of these theories. Thus, their utility is still assumed, not verified. Rises (197 1) has done a classic participation analysis of police use of force. Others have studied the extent and nature of citizen complaints (Decker and Wagner 1982; Dugan and Bread 1991; Serviettes 1985; Littleton 1981; Pate and Hamilton 1991; Wagner 1980; Wagner and Decker 1993). Griswold (1994) did a multivariate analysis of the three factors on the disposition of complaints. Serviettes et al. 1996) studied the impact of race on the investigation of excessive force allegations against police. Dunham and Albert (1 995) did a case study on controlling the police use of excessive force in Miami. Lowers and Microeconomics (1996) investigated the characteristics of the officers and citizen complaints. All these studies are very informative and helpful to understand police brutality at the individual level. At the organizational level, empirical research has not been undertaken either about the nature of the problem or about the efficacy of proposed solutions.

Studies on citizen complaints have focused on a limited number of Jurisdictions and the measures have not been consistent across studies (Dugan ND Bread 1991; Pate and Hamilton 1991; Walker and Bumps 199 1; Wagner and Decker 1993). Many of these studies use a 6 nonsocial comparison approaches to test the citizen complaints and various characteristics of individual officers (Lowers and Microeconomics 1996). Few of these studies report correlation of citizen complaints. Organizational characteristics have not been used to predict citizen complaints against police use of excessive physical force.

Sherman (1 980) proposed that more research at the organizational level is needed since theoretically the macro level of explanation ought to be the most rueful level. Echoing Sherman, Wagner and Decker (1 993; 1997) also argued that citizen complaints are most appropriate to be studied at macro-level rather than micro-level when considering efforts to stem police behavior perceived offensive by citizens. The paucity of empirical research on excessive physical force at the organizational level is partially due to the lack of data in this regard.

As Pate and Frilled(1993) noted, police use of excessive force is low-visibility act, many victims do on such events. Further, from the police stand of view, complaints concerning the use f unnecessary force may be due to the fact that subjects have been arrested for a legitimate offence, or who have lurked by the potential of winning a big law suit. However, studies on the citizen complaints indicate that citizens did not file a complaint simply for a . Personal revenge motive (Russell 1978).

There are obstacles to complaints, such as personal fear of reprisal, complex and cumbersome filing procedure, and the highlighted possibility of criminal prosecution for making a false report (The National Advisory Commission on Criminal Justice Standards and Goals 1973). Although not all citizens who are subject to unnecessary force will file a formal complaint which will end up in the police department and not all recorded complaints are legitimate, Bailey and Mendelssohn (1969) observed I 7 that willingness to file a complaint seems to be a function of what happens to people and what they expect to gain from it.

Therefore, citizen complaints should be looked as a “barometer of police performance” (Wagner and Decker 1997) and as “important indicators of public perception of the agency’ (The United States Commission on civil Rights 1981). In this study, we use data collected by Pate and Frilled(1993), which ere designed to be a comprehensive national survey of law enforcement agencies on the matter of police use of excessive force. Their data provide a national picture of police use of force as reflected by official records. Their own study, however, only provides comparison of simple percentages and abbreviate analysis.

Theories and hypotheses are not tested against each other in the multiple variant analysis. Further, Pate and Frilled (1 993) attempt to cover a much wider variety of topics, from citizens’ complaints about physical force, to internal complaints about physical force, to verbal abuse of power, ND to litigation’s. Our study, in contrast, focuses on citizen complaints against the police use of excessive physical forces and abuse of power. All aspects of police brutality defined by Rises (1 971) and modified by Decker and Wagner (1 982) are included in the measures of police use of excessive physical force and abuse of power.

Thus, the two measures include citizen complaints of police physical force, improper investigation, illegal search, intimidation, and verbal abuse. Since both Wilson (1968) and Landsman (1 980) suggested that organizational behavior and organizational characteristics are potentially related to the citizen complaint rate against the police, we will test their theories. From Willow’s professionalism control thesis, we have reduced a number of testable propositions included in the following two sets of hypotheses.

Hypothesis 1 : Psychological exams taking before admitting to police academy, field training officer programs, and the length of probationary period tend to reduce citizen complaint rate against police use of physical force and abuse of power. As we know, police colonization begins at the police academy, and it entities in field training and throughout an officer’s career, Hiring the best qualified officers as a control is advocated by Wilson (1 968) in his professional model, and also by Albert and Frilled (1992) in their recommendation for hiring suitable officers to defend against police use of excessive force.

These arguments are more rhetorical than empirical (see Swanson 1977; Booker 1980; and Sherman 1980). Our first set of hypotheses captures the concept of Willow’s professional model. Hypothesis 2: Increasing the number of in-service training programs on the use of force within a Alice department, regular reviews of the use of force, written policy on the use of less lethal weapon, and the reporting requirement for the use of force are negatively related to the citizen complaint rate. Our second set of hypotheses target the bureaucratic model in controlling police excessive physical force.

Wilson (1 968) and Goldstein (1 977) advised police agencies to strengthen institute training specifically aimed at preventing improper conduct. More recently, Albert and Frilled(1992) called for competent training to minimize the police use of excessive force. We shall test the effectiveness of these in-service training programs and regular reviews in reducing the police brutality. 9 Part of the problem in controlling police brutality is that what is and what is not brutality has not been clearly defined by the court (Albert and Smith 1994) or by many police departments.

Evidence regarding police use of the deadly force suggests that implementation of more restrictive policies decreases the use of deadly force (Meyer 1980; Sherman 1983). Since some police departments have written policy on the use of less lethal force and others don’t, and some have mandatory reporting yester on the use of force while others don’t, we shall expect those with written policy and those with mandatory reporting system to have fewer citizen complaints.

The above four variables measure Willow’s bureaucratic model that the police misconduct could be controlled by the issuance and enforcement of rules through close supervision. From Landsman’s organizational product thesis, we also reduce two establishment of civilian review boards reduces the citizen complaint rate. The control of police use of excessive force through civilian review board is widely hailed s a cure by a number of scholars (Goldstein 1977; Landsman 1980; Remain 1985).

West (1988: ISO), for example, stated that the closed system (or bureaucratic model of control), where police investigate the police, is contrary to “the rules of natural Justice and is, by definition, imperfect. ” Some researchers doubt the effectiveness of civilian review board (Languorous and Travis 1994). Its empirical efficiency has yet to be decided by empirical data. Hypothesis 4: The composition of a police department’s personnel is related to the citizen complaint rate.

The larger the proportion of female and African-Americans in the 0 department, the higher the educational level of police department personnel is, and the longer the average service years a police department is, the lower the citizen complaint rate becomes. Individual-level data provided evidence that women officers may act to reduce the likelihood of violence in police-citizen encounters (Greener 1987), they initiated fewer detentions and made fewer felony and misdemeanors arrests (Sherman 1979, and they are significantly less likely to have a citizen complaint (Lowers and Microeconomics 1996).

Individual-level data seemed to provide some conflicting evidence regarding minority officers. While minority group officers are found to be less antagonistic to the public and display greater ties to the community than their white colleagues (Berg, True, and Egret 1984), they were more likely to use force, but less likely to use improper force in dealings with citizens (Worded 1995).

Since gender and racial issues are at the core of our criminal Justice system (Henderson et al. 1997; Cacao, Frank, and Culled 1996; Browning and Cacao 1992; Browning et al. 1994), our study will test these associations at the organizational level. Further, ever since August Volume, the police chief and reform advocate at the urn of the century, the education of police officers has become an increasingly important issue.

In recent decades, there has been a concerted effort to raise the educational level of police recruits. The federal government has expended millions of dollars on law enforcement education (see Jeffery [ 19901 for a detailed discussion). It is argued that college-educated police officers are more sensitive to citizens, can communicate better, and are more effective (Hoover 1989). Past research indicates that average service years is expected to be negatively related to the citizen


Police Brutality

TLS quote is attributed to the bible. It’s when god told Abraham to sacrifice his only son. Abraham had a choice to obey or to disobey. He chose to obey. He took five servants and a donkey to the top of a specific mountain. He told the servants to stay with the donkey and they will be right back. As Abraham and Isaac went to the very top of the mountain Isaac started to become very confused of why there was no animal to sacrifice.

Abraham had to bind Isaac up and Just as he raised his knife an angel came down and ordered him to stop and not hurt the boy as he had proven himself to god. Then as Abraham looked over he saw a ram stuck in a bush and sacrificed the animal instead of his son. This can relate to today because a lot of us have to prove something to someone one time or another. We might have to prove ourselves to our friends, family, bosses, and even our teachers. For example, our parents might have us prove our obedience to them and in return we would get trust from them.

We might have to come home every night on a specific curfew but after not being late for several weeks your curfew would be extended to a later time. All in all this quote is about trusting someone and doing as they ask even if you’re skeptical or don’t agree with what you are being asked to do. If you trust the person you’ll obey and in the end you will get something out of it and it’ll be worth it. References Caved, Jack. “Sacrifice of Isaac – Bible Story Summary. ” About. Com Christianity. N. P. , n. D. Web. 19 Gag. 2013.


Police Brutality

How Everything Is Police Brutality When you were a child, you most likely have read the story “The boy who cried wolf”. What this story taught you was that It Isn’t a Joke to go run and tell people something happened when It didn’t because eventually people will stop listening. So why Is It almost every time a police officer takes someone to the ground they cry “police brutality? Police officers are here to maintain order, protect citizens and safe guard property.

They should not have to worry about if a miniscule action they take s a career ending one, but on the opposing side their authority and power should have its limits and limitations. Police Brutality does happen from time to time, but not to the extent the public believes or as frequently as its thought and with a little help it’s so called huge rate will disappear. Time after time when police officers using force is captured on video tape all it shows is the officer or officers surrounding the suspect while possibly using their tools to try and gain control of the suspect.

Rarely does It show the events leading up to that point or state what the suspect was owing. What this does Is gives a false Idea and thought that the police officers are overstepping their bounds and are using unnecessary force. As stated In the book “Police Brutally describing the Rodney King Brutality case; If you see a short clip or portion of the film all you see is someone complying, so why are the officers striking him? (Roller). The majority of these videos are shot by on looking bystanders, however sometimes the news media captures it as well.

More often than not all that these short clips of the actual events cause is spark a hated for officers and possibly lead to he officer or officers losing their Job when they were in the right to begin with. Contrary to popular belief, police officers aren’t picked up off the street and given a gun, badge, and night stick. They are sent through very vigorous training on the proper usage of their tools on hand, as well as to deescalate a situation before the use of force Is necessary. Hours and hours of training and classes are mandatory before an officer Is allowed to go on patrol.

For Instance on average a police recruit spends 761 hours In a class room going over everything from proper use of force, to hen should my use of force be escalated as well as on average of spending 453 hours on a mandatory field component to further hone their Now why with all of this training would it be thought that police officers are not subject matter experts in their field? Why is it that everyone feels that police officers do not know there Job well or that they constantly do certain things they aren’t supposed to?

Maybe it stems from an overall lake of respect for police officers that a good majority have, or possible that media itself show police officers a good majority f the time to be blundering idiots or the bad guys. Either way simple numbers do not lie. Police officers are given a considerable amount of training pertaining to using the tools at their disposal as well as the proper escalation and use of force, so there really can’t be someone crying wolf on that police officer have no Idea, knowledge, or training pertaining to their Job field. Unfortunately not every person is tolerant of every race, religion or nationality. Sometimes a person does not like a yes. Now do some of these people like this make it to the police force? It would be vive to think they didn’t. Now with that said is it very possible that some police brutality cases stem from the officer not liking or tolerating a certain person or a group of people. However every time an officer of different color strikes a suspect and it is consider racially driven, or that same officer fires his service weapon killing the suspect isn’t that a bit absurd?

This rift exist because it is seen as a way for an accused to receive a lesser punishment if one at all for his crimes. When this so called racial act is voiced by the media and reaches a community dominantly populated by individuals of the same background as the suspect, it creates much soreness toward the police officer. In the case where police officer John Wilbur who is white was drug by three black males in a car, and after shooting two of them did it finally stop a local resident of the area stated “Wilbur deserved to get dragged up the street, and I wish his legs broke the hell off’ (Rollover).

This resident was of the same ethnic background as the suspects and because of Officer Wilbur is white; him shooting the suspects wasn’t because he was being drug up the street but because hey were a different color than he. This idea of police brutality arising from the fact that the officer is of different color then the suspect is a warped way to see in and isn’t someone who thinks this being racist themselves toward the officer?

Though you can catch everyone, most all individuals who are in the police force do not have this racial hate toward someone so the idea that an officer swung his night stick more times because the suspect was of different color carries no weight to it. There always will be an overzealous or ill-fitting person placed into a position they shouldn’t e in or aren’t capable of handling it. The police force is no different, Just as saying police brutality does not exist at all would far from the truth.

From time to time there are police officers who make it through all the training and screening to wear a badge, but carry with them a bias thought or feeling toward a group. Though many academies do what they can to catch these seated dislikes certain applicants have, they can’t catch every single one. And what happens when these officers get to the department is these dislikes for certain people or groups come out and that is when ritually cases start appearing.

And when on happens it can lead too slew of others and hurts the departments image causing the citizens to lose confidence in them such as what has happened with Chicago police force because of a string of complaints as stated by Susan Usually(Usually). Police brutality does happen. An officer places him or herself into a position where he loses control and a cool head and does something that is over the top. However these aren’t the actions of the many, only the few and this coupled with the media and public up play toward the epic it makes it seem as if the problem is larger than it really is.

It you have a problem how do you fix it? Depending on the problem you can instruct against it, train in different ways or show how to avoid the problem. As stated earlier police brutality is a problem, but not as large as it is thought to be. But with any problem why not try and solve it so no one needs to worry about it. Officers go through countless hours of training before they are able to wear a badge. But does this training continue after they have reached the department, to a certain extent yes apartments do continue training officers.

So maybe that isn’t the culprit in what of Justice, lack of specific policy guidance on the appropriate use of force and unclear or overly general policies existed(Dwyer). It seems from this that the problem isn’t with officers having a lack of training but that the line in the sand was not clear and it was unknown what was or wasn’t overstepping their bounds. Since the beginning of time, certain people who hold power sometimes abuse it. It is unfortunate but it is shown in history that it is bound to happen.

And police officers are Just as open to this happening to them as anyone else in the position. Brutality cases shouldn’t happen but they do. There is no denying it. But the extent that they are happening to is largely out of proportion. This is caused by the media up playing the event when it happens and the ignorant racial outcry that is sometimes said by the local populace. Even though the problem is smaller than it is show, police brutality does exist.

How this is curtailed it is through continued training for the officers not only tit the usage of their tools at hand but also what the use of force guidelines are and ensuring that the officers have a clear understanding of what is allowed and what is over the top beyond what the officer is allowed to do. Not only through training but participation by the media and citizens can this crying wolf on the men and women of police forces can be stopped, because why would you want to degrade and slander the people who protect us? Works Cited Roller, Tamari L. Police Brutality. San Diego: Greengages, 1999.


Police Brutality

Police work is dangerous. Sometimes police put in situations that excessive force is needed. But, because some officers use these extreme measures in situations when it is not, police brutality should be addressed. The use of excessive force may or may not be large problem, but it should be looked into by both the police and the public. For those people who feel racism is not a factor in causing the use of excessive force, here is a fact.

In Tampa Bay, Florida five men died while in the custody of the Tampa Bay police department. The thing is the Tampa Bay Police Department is made up of mostly white officers, but of the five men who died none where white. Four of the five men that died were African Americans, and the other man was a Mexican. If the incident in Tampa Bay does not show person racism, this event might. In New York City, an average of seven Latin Americans were killed a year between 1986 to 1989, but in 1990, that number increased.

In that year, twenty-three Latin Americans were killed by police gunfire. Police brutality Is involving the unnecessary and unjustified use of force that Is either physical or verbal. Other than the police stopping brutality, the use of review boards can be used. These boards must be able to receive all the evidence In a case, Including the police audio tapes, In order to make fair Judgment If excessive force was used or not. If excessive force Is present In cases, these review boards must be able to punish the police or they are almost useless.

Whether or not a person believes police brutality Is a serious problem, It must be stopped. In some cases, where more force Is needed than In others, It Is still there. Even In areas where police and the use of excessive force Is not a huge problem, It must be decreased by both the police and the public. Finally, there needs to be rules making sure that this never happens again. By phoebes Police brutality is involving the unnecessary and unjustified use of force that is either an be used.

These boards must be able to receive all the evidence in a case, including the police audio tapes, in order to make fair Judgment if excessive force was used or not. If excessive force is present in cases, these review boards must be Whether or not a person believes police brutality is a serious problem, it must be stopped. In some cases, where more force is needed than in others, it is still there. Even in areas where police and the use of excessive force is not a huge problem, it


Police brutality

Saint Leo university Michael Singer Word count: 1691 Police brutality Is the excessive, unreasonable use of force against citizens, suspects, and offenders. A study showed that most citizens complained against police officers because of the use of profanity and abusive language towards them, the use of commands to move on or get home, stopping and questioning people on the street or searching them and their cars without probable cause, the use of threats to use force if not obeyed, prodding with a nightstick or approaching with a pistol, and actual use f physical force or violence itself for no reason at all.

Police brutality causes a lack of communication between Malory groups and the police department and a lack of trust because of previous run-ins with brutality. In some cases police brutality runs over into an officer’s personal life as well. There have been several cases where an officer is arrested due to domestic violence and leads to an investigation of their work life. Most of the time there are cover ups, when domestic disputes occur so that the department does not get negative coverage if the incident was to get out, (2002, November).

Ethics are considered a structure for most departments In the united States. There are several bad apples that get greedy and are cocky at times and think that they cannot be touched if they do wrong. Police departments around the U. S. Have several issues with corruption, misconduct, and brutality. Most of the time these issues are covered up so that, these officers do not give the departments bad names and people do not trust them and they, are having more crime on their hands instead of defeating the crime.

In recent years, police actions, particularly police abuse has come into view of a wide, public and critical eye. While citizens worry about protecting themselves from criminals, it has now been shown that they must also keep a watchful eye on those who are supposed to protect and serve. This paper will discuss the types of police abuse prevalent today, Including the use of firearms and recovery of private Information. I will also discuss what and how protect ourselves from police taking advantage of their positions as law enforcement officers with greater permissive rights than private citizens.

All citizens must take affirmative actions from physical brutality, rights violations, and information abuse. Members of the police force are government officials who enforce the law and maintain order. They are engaged in dangerous and stressful occupation that can involve violent situations that must be controlled. In many of these confrontations with the public it may become necessary for the police to administer force in order to take control of the situation.

As unfortunate as it may seem however, police officers are injuring and even killing people through the use of excessive force and brutal treatment. In regard to police abuse, there will be many officers who feel that their Job of fighting escalating street rime, gangs, narcotics violations, and other violent crimes is difficult already, to such an extent that worrying about excessive policy for abuse behavior will only further decrease their ability to fight crime effectively, efficiently, and safely.

This abuse must be monitored so that police do not forget who they are serving; not themselves, but the public. This means that even the criminals, who are a part of the public, have certain rights, accurately identified as civil rights. One of the main police abuse problems is physical brutality. I think that there should be some kind of written policy hat would restrict physical force to the narrowest possible range of specific situations. For example, there should be limitations on the use of hand to hand combat, batons, mace, stun guns and firearms.

However, limiting policies actions will bring much debate, especially from police officers and administrators themselves. Many feel that their firepower is already too weak to battle the weapons that criminals have out on the streets, thus limiting their legality of gun use will not only endanger them, but the innocent bystanders who must endure the hierarchy gun power creates in the benefit of criminals. In simple terms, corruption in policing is usually viewed as the misuse of authority by a police officer acting to fulfill personal needs or wants.

For a corrupt act to occur, three distinct elements of police corruption must be present simultaneously: Misuse of authority, Misuse of official capacity, Misuse of personal attainment, (Cornball 1976: p 71). It has been said that power inevitably leads to corruption, and it is yet to be recognized that , while there is no reason to suppose that policemen as individuals are any less fallible than other members of society, people are often shocked and outraged when policemen are exposed to violating the law.

Not only should officers use brutality in very limited situations, I think that it would help requiring officers to file a written report after any use of physical force, regardless of how seemingly insignificant. Although, if every incidence of police abuse was requested to be reported, how many actually would be? Maybe only those serious enough, as depicted in new guidelines, would make it, leaving some space for officers to exert pressure without crossing serious and abusive policy. Another good tactic to control n inordinate number of incidents that include the inappropriate use of physical force.

The incidents should then be investigated. For those offices who are frequently involved in unnecessary police brutality, they should be charged, disciplined, re- trained, and offered counseling. If such treatment proves ineffective, officers who violate abuse standards should be brought up on review before an administrative board made up of citizens and police officials. Officers will most likely ask, “Is identifying abusive officers a form of prejudice? The police officer is there to serve and protect the public who pays his or her salary. The officer should then be subject to any investigations into his or her abusive actions on the Job.

Yet even if internal policy and external government supervision is successful, it is difficult to say how the ethics of police officers will affect abuse policy as they are based on personal background and upbringing that have little to do with the issue at hand. While there are specific solutions to brutality and rights abuse, there are also some general solutions that could be implemented before the problems even arise. For example, there should be changes in police officer training. Some communities have emended their officers receive higher education.

However, there is no proof that well-educated officers rely less on abuse and more on departmentally sound investigation techniques. The length of training of police personnel should be increased, as has been the recent trend throughout the years. “The average length of police academy programs has more than doubled, from about 300, to over 600 hours; in some cities, 900 up to even 1200 hours has become the new rule. ” (Silverman 1999: p 124) As the time devoted to training has increased, the institutions should also stress the importance f the growing trends in criminal activity so that they are prepared to deal with them.

These include such areas as race relations, domestic violence, handling the mentally ill, and so on. This will, in turn, enable operations run more smoothly, hopefully avoiding police abuse problems in the future. Methods must be implemented which effectively deal with police who tend to cross the line, from simple situations to serious firearm use or prejudice. Some of the solutions, particularly the policy changes, will be met with controversy and will be difficult to implement. Keeping track of police actions is the next step in self-protection.

There have been thousands of reported incidents of police misconduct in the countless cities throughout the nation, and probably thousands more that transpire without any mention. Law enforcement officers in the United States have been granted powerful authority to assist them in serving and protecting the people of this country. Many of them use their authority to uphold their duties with honor and integrity. However, the abuses of these powers are taking place with more and more frequency. The police scandals that have surfaced within the past decade have been multiplying.

If drastic measures are not taken to restore the integrity of the United States Law Enforcement, chaos will permeate throughout the nation. As citizens “system”. While the threat of a world war has diminished, the violence on the streets across America has increased at a dramatic rate. Police are forced to face this violence and are sometimes caught up in the same violent and abusive cycle whole trying to fight it. Citizens realize that there are limits as to what a police officer can do. To make society a safe place for both citizens and officers, it is imperative that they work together for a comprehensive checks and balances system.


Police Brutality

Introduction: Studies has shown that police are more likely to abuse blacks rather than whites and this is caused by racial profiling. But through the history of police brutality, police brutality was first used after a police officer was described beating a civilian in 1633. Police brutality is the abuse of force and it is usually through physical. But there are other ways to abuse which are verbally and sometimes psychologically and this is done by a federal or state authorities which are the police officers. The history of police brutality has been a cycle and the phrases are actually violence, corruption ND Improve on what Is wrong.

These has been a cycle for many years through police brutality. Police brutality exists in many countries and not only in the US. African American are always targeted as “bad” people and this also proves that there are inequality within the black community and the world. There are also certain misconduct forms of brutality but some of these are really common in our society which are racial profiling, corruption, false arrest and inserting fear Into civilians. There are many other cases that were actually targeted mainly on blacks and this causes unfair justice.

Police’s agenda is to basically fight and protect civilians as well as being the peace keepers and never being the one that harm any civilians without proper approval or warrant to an arrest or to an even greater extend which is physically, verbally or psychologically harming the opposed civilian on the mistake he/she has done. Police are the ones that set an image towards the society so that people can actually follow them and think they are doing the right thing, however It Is a really disturbing matter knowing that police does racial profiling especially compared to whites and blacks.

And therefore, this research paper Is about police ill most likely be more crucial to blacks compare to whites and this is known as racial profiling. Police brutality and racism in the US Police brutality and racism has played a big role In degrading the safeness of US as well as degrading the reputation of the authorities through these problems, there are significantly huge amount of statistics reports on police brutality. Even though these cases are brought up to court, out of 5986 reports only 33% went through conviction and 64% received prison sentences.

American police officers have used lethal weapons to kill more than terrorist did since the Vietnam War. And at least once a ear, there Is always a person beaten by a Police Officer. And this Is always shown as abusive of authority. Although committing a crime Is Illegal, police have no rights to abuse their rights through physical or verbal actions. Although physical abuse brings physical pain and such but verbal abuse has actually proved that it would be more harmful to that victim.

As in one of the cases, a police officer actually insulted the victim till the victim killed himself out of anger. Words can actually mean a lot towards a human being and police officers think that they won’t be charged with any problem towards these police officers. According to a research, every year about 261 police officers are involved with police brutality and only about 27 percent of these victims are involved in law suits. In many cases, majority of these victims are actually African Americans that were abused by the law that are supposed to protect them.

And the research also shows that there is a result of 382 deaths out of 5986 reports. Other than the statistics, there is also a few groups of people which are elderly, drug addicts, female and weak people. Police would take advantage of this to brutalize them while inserting fear in them through threatening for an example, police officers eight threaten them about their family members and if they were to report anything the police officer would arrest or treat their family members the same way they were being treated and this would definitely insert fear into the victims.

That is why some cases were reported as fake issues because victims themselves do not want to admit the truth being worried of being physically or verbally abused again. Overall, if a police officer was found abusing a victim, their rights as a police would probably be revoked and only prison sentence up to 14 months averagely and this is unfair to all he other crime offenders as well as the victims because 14 months is a really short time which these victims might be abused once again when these police officers are discharged from their duty and/or the prison.

Racial profiling in the US among police officers There are a lot of known cases of police brutality especially on blacks on racial profiling. But according to an article in 2012, a black person is killed by a security officer every 28 hours. As it was also stated in this article, that African-Americans are about 13. 1% of the nation population but it has nearly covered 40% of the prison’s population. Also, blacks sometimes do sell drugs and is the same as white but they have a higher percentage of getting arrested for drugs than whites and this is racial profiling.

Black offenders also definitely receive a longer sentence compare to white offenders. Other than that, most of the blacks killed were unarmed, which according to the report, 44% of blacks was killed even though there was no sign of weapon. 27% deaths are claimed that the suspect had a gun but there was no prove to this. 2% had small weapons such as knifes, big scissors and cutters or any other similar weapons, and only about 20% had guns or deadly weapons. Most officers that killed blacks claim that they were afraid and they were trying to protect themselves so they have been force to open fire.

These police officers open fire if they feel like they are being threaten, for an example, the suspect running away from the cops, driving towards to cops or getting something from their waist. Police officers do not conclude if the suspect does have a weapon or not and yet Just use deadly force to solve the issue. In one of the known cases of an African American getting shot by a police officer, the suspect name is Oscar Grant 22 year old, and was shot by Johannes Messenger a police officer.

The police officer claimed that Grant had a gun even though Grant was subdued by other officers which is not Justified because Oscar Grant was already being subdued by other officers and yet Johannes Messenger still fired his weapon at Oscar Grant. A few other examples of African American being Rodney King was drunk on that night on March 2, 1991. He was speeding on the freeway and that was when the police officers attempted to pull him over, but Rodney King resisted.

Once they manage to get Rodney King out of the vehicle, a group of officers tried to subdue Rodney King and used taste as well. Rodney King was kicked at the head and also was beaten with nightsticks. But lucky enough, King’s injuries wasn’t really serious but it left him with a couple of bruises and also a facial fractured bone. Sean Bell was killed by a police undercover team which fired 50 times at the car Bell and his friends were riding in, it happened outside a strip club because he was having his bachelor’s party on that night.

A police officer actually overheard that the friend talking about getting his gun, so in order to prevent the shooting from happening, the police officers opened fired at the car. And that was when Sean Bell passed away immediately on the scene. The detectives were not charged guilty of manslaughter on that night. And these are some of the cases African American’s are actually facing and this is why US should enforce a heavier rule on racial profiling.

Actions of police brutality on selected victims through racial profiling The actions that were used on blacks were more crucial compare to whites such as verbal persuasion, unarmed physical force, force using non-lethal weapons, force using impact weapons and deadly force. There was a case which verbal persuasion actually lead the victim to committing suicide out of anger that has stated and it was cause by a police, these African Americans were often called nicknames like “Niger”, “negro” and many other nicknames.

This can cause an impact on how they feel, it will never be shown through physical but always inside them. That is why verbal persuasion is really negative towards a victim. Unarmed physical force can cause external damage but actually, also internal because you would feel the depression on African American are seen as a minority and they know that their race will be criminate against. As seen in some cases, African American was treated more crucially than whites, in one of the case, the black refused to go into the officer’s lunchroom and the next thing he knows is his head smashing through a plate glass window.

If it was a white, it is really obvious that the police would allow him to stay outside the lunchroom and wait for other procedures. Non-lethal weapons that were used on blacks are more crucial, blacks were Taste multiple times which causes a great pain to them and in one of the cases recently, the victim was Taste to death. Force using impact weapons has also been an issue towards African American, in Walter US, an African American went to pick up a b rifle and he was Just waving the gun around, after that the police came and ask him to disarm the gun as not knowing that was Just a b rifle.

Regardless, the disagreement from the police, the police shouldn’t have fired a fatal shot on the victim and why is the victim shot holding a b gun in a b gun store. Conclusion towards blacks rather than whites and this is caused by racial profiling. As from the research above, we can conclude that police has been crucial towards African American. But we should also improve the systems that US is using which is actually people’s mind set.

A simple thing can become a great problem, especially in racism police should not be bias about a crime which is done by a certain race but putting all the races together as one. Police’s Job description is to fight Justice and bring peace to civil and not being the one breaking the law. It will never be a good image towards civil. Solutions can be implemented through federal authorities, by ensuring that abuses such as torture, excessive amount of force will not happen and hose officers that had broken the law should be accounted for and be brought to justice.

Like some of the cases, the Jury would say that the police is at his/her rights and only have a prison sentence up to 14 months average. This encourages police to not be afraid because it would only be a short time for sentence and be daring to do what is right. This would also influence the new police candidates that assaulting would not get them into a really big problem. The federal authorities should also implement solutions such as recording the actions a police officer used through a camera or being supervised by the team leader.


Impact of Police Brutality

Police Brutality Can you Imagine walking Into your local Tellers and getting your coffee for free? Can you Imagine being able to drive as fast as you want, make a u-turn whenever you want and run through as many red lights as you want? Can you imagine having an army of men at your side with one phone call? Can you imagine driving, and at the flick of a switch, every other car moves out of your way? Seems out of reach for the average person, well, that is the daily life of a police officer, and if you were given that much authority, would you abuse it?

Police officers are not only trained to uphold ND respect the law but It Is made very clear to them that they are not above or Immune to the law themselves. Although they seem to believe they are. Due to the amount of power and authority given to police officers, they must be held accountable for any criminal actions. Many of you are probably wondering why I chose this topic, and it is simply because it has probably touched every single person in this room, whether you witnessed it, heard about it or were a victim of it yourself but nothing Is being said or done to stop it. I’m not sure how many of you attended

Blood West Villages annual Ukrainian Festival last weekend but If you did, there Is no doubt In my mind that you are thinking about the hundreds of armed police officers patrolling the festival as if it was a federal prison. Now I ask you, why would they do this? Why do police officers feel they have the right to treat the average citizen like a criminal? There are many incidents across Canada involving the RECAP and Regional Police Forces, in which they are accused of abusing their authority and power, such as unjustified deaths including, but not limited to, the death of Robert

Deskills In October 2007 at the Vancouver Airport, the unnecessary arrest and searches of hundreds of Innocent people during the 620 summit. There are countless videos and eyewitness testimonies to these occurrences, yet they go virtually unnoticed. Now I ask you, who is policing the police? A recent incident involving police brutality was the shocking assault caught on camera by officer Geoff Mantled in Keelson, British Columbia. Mantled was accused of assault causing bodily harm, after Instructing a suspect to get down, and as he proceeded to get on his ands and knees, the RECAP officer kicked him In the face.

As a suspect, you are innocent until proven guilty, therefore if you are complying with police, they have no right to assault you. This officer’s actions were intentional, deliberate and appalling to say the least. Now I ask you, what was the punishment for such a crime? Mantled was suspended from the force with pay. Sounds like more of a vacation to me! Do you think this is an adequate punishment for kicking someone in the face? I most certainly do not! Geoff Mantled should be charged with assault causing bodily harm, Like any other citizen would be.

Due to the “Blue Shield,” which Is better known as the police code of silence, is simply the unwritten rule that all police officers will not to report against another colleague’s errors, misconducts or crimes. Police officers rarely go against this code because doing so would cause unrest within the department, and other consequences such as having your own misconduct exposed. Due to this, It is clear that police cannot be trusted to conduct their own internal needs an independent agency dedicated to investigating allegations of police conduct and excessive force in order to ensure accountability in these specific incidents.

An external agency, free of political interference may help to restore some of the trust, confidence and respect of the RECAP and regional police forces, which has been undermined by recent incidents of police misconduct. If police forces feel that they can assault people in broad daylight with multiple witnesses and get away with it then we can only imagine the things they think they can get away with when nobody is looking. Now I ask you, who is policing the police? Currently, it is nobody, and something must be done about it!