The Bola virus causes an acute, serious Illness which is often fatal if untreated. Bola virus disease (EVADE) first appeared In 1976 In 2 simultaneous outbreaks, one In NCAR, Sudan, and the other In Hamburg, Democratic Republic of Congo. The latter occurred In a village near the Bola River, from which the disease takes Its name. The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the united Nations (UN) that is concerned with international public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland Bola is an infectious and generally fatal ease.
It is thought that fruit bats of the Pterodactyl family are natural Bola virus hosts. Bola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals such as chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rainforest’s. Bola then spreads through human-to-human transmission via direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of Infected people, and with surfaces and materials (e. . Bedding, clothing) contaminated with these fluids.
Symptoms of Bola virus disease The Incubation period, that Is, the time Interval from Infection with the virus to onset of symptoms is 2 to 21 days. Humans are not infectious until they develop symptoms. First symptoms are the sudden onset of fever fatigue, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhea, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding (e. G. Oozing from the gums, blood in the stools). Laboratory findings include low white loot cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes.
Treatment and vaccines Supportive care-reiteration with oral or Intravenous fluids- and treatment of specific symptoms, Improves survival. There Is as yet no proven treatment available for EVADE. However, a range of potential treatments including blood products, immune therapies and drug therapies are currently being evaluated. No licensed vaccines are available yet, but 2 potential vaccines are undergoing human safety testing. The average EVADE case fatality rate is around 50% The most recent official figure from the World Health Organization puts the number f deaths at 4,493.
Bola screening will begin at Loon’s Heathers Airport on Tuesday, Jeremy Hunt, the Health Secretary, confirmed today as he warned that the disease will arrive In Britain by Christmas. Due to the nature of the hemorrhagic fever that fluoresces cause, little Is known about the host immune response to infection. Antibodies that are produced primarily attack teen surface cyclotrons AT teen plus. I mere Is very little or no cross-reactively and cross-immunity amongst the flourishes. Researchers are not even sure if antibodies to Bola Sudan will convey immunity against Bola Zaire.